Development of advanced Veterinary Services and Animal Breeding Centres. Question 17. Yet its share in providing employment and livelihood to the population continued to be as high as 63% in 2001. Plantation agriculture is an export-oriented specialised farming method where emphasis is given to raise a single crop – specially meant for export to the overseas countries. major maize producing state: Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. These are sown with the onset of monsoon (June-July) and are harvested in September-October. Rubber is produced in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, Andaman and Nicobar islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya. Name one horticultural plantation crop and two beverage plantation crops and two States each which specialise in their production respectively. Answer: Answer: Jowar is the third most important food crop with respect to area and production. Subsidy on fertilizers has decreased leading to increase in the cost of production. Important crops are rice, maize, millets, jowar, bajra, tur (arhar), moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soyabean. (a) Name three pulses each of Rabi and Kharif season. It is generally done on small land holdings which are economically not viable. Name the crops which are included in this category and name three leading states producing each of these crops. India produces about 13% of the world’s vegetables. Three major states which produce coffee are: Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, mainly in Nilgiri Hills. Answer: It is a Kharif crop and requires 6-8 months to mature. (2017 D) Or, Why is India called an agriculturally important country? Cultivation of fruits, vegetables and flowers is called horticulture. (iv) In this, high doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production. Cooperation with farmers and Abolition of Zamindari system. Three states producing tea in each of the following: Question 30. Answer: (e) Gene Revolution refers to the development of genetically modified seeds for increasing the yield per hectare. Answer: India is the leading producer and exporter of tea in the world. Importance of pulses: (b) India is the largest producer of pulses in the world. II. The Ganga-Sutlej plains in the North-West and. Answer: The green revolution based on the use of package technology and the White Revolution to increase milk production are important strategies which were initiated to improve agriculture. Yield per hectare is high because high doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used. Characteristics of plantation agriculture: A single type of crop is grown on a large area. The growth rate in agriculture is decelerating which is an alarming situation. It is practiced on large pieces of land on scientific and commercial lines. (a) Green Revolution Apples, Pears, Apricots and Walnuts grow well in Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Name five leading states producing pulses. Name four temperate fruits which are produced in India and name the states which grow them in abundance. India holds second position in rice production after China. India produces about 4% of the world’s coffee production. Answer: Answer: (a) India is the largest producer of oilseeds in the world. Write the main characteristics of intensive subsistence farming. If we import food while exporting high value crops, our economy will grow. Question 11. Lichi and Guavas grow in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Pulses of Kharif season: Masur, peas, gram. (b) White Revolution Some steps are: Question 44. What are the challenges being faced by Indian farmers? Question 31. Answer: Question 38. Initially its cultivation started in Baba Budan Hills. Jute producing states are: West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Orissa and Meghalaya. (c) Name four products obtained from sugarcane. Rice is a commercial crop in Haryana and Punjab, while in Odisha it is a subsistence crop. Question 32. Cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk are the four major fibre crops grown in India. Answer: Answer: (ii) It is capital intensive and done with migrant labour. (d) Name four states which produce irrigated rice. It needs manual labour from sowing to harvesting. The first three are derived directly from the crops grown in the soil, but silk is obtained from the cocoons of silk worms fed on mulberry leaves. (iii) All produce is used as raw material in industries such as tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc. What is India’s position in the world with regard to oilseed production? Answer: The production is mainly for the market, i.e., commercial agriculture. Name three cropping seasons of India. Rice is a commercial crop in Punjab, while in Orissa it is subsistence crop. Farmers take maximum output from the limited land by raising 2-3 crops in a year from the same land, i.e., multiple cropping is practised. Jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. It is mainly the crop of Kharif season. What is the most important characteristic of commercial farming? (iii) Peninsular States. It is processed within tea gardens to restore its freshness. (2012) What is India’s position in the world regarding tea production? Announcement of minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for crops to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen and removing the elements of uncertainty. Research and Development in the field of meteorology and weather forecasts, etc. Answer: Although GDP growth rate of the country is increasing, it is not generating sufficient employment opportunities in the country, especially in the field of agriculture. The following measures have been taken by the government to modernise agriculture and improve its share in the GDP: Question 45. (2015) Name three countries which have successfully done this. (a) Wheat is the second most important cereal crop of India. (i) In this type of farming, production is mainly for self consumption. (a) Green Revolution. Write the geographical conditions required for the growth of rubber. Question 4. It grows well in tropical and subtropical climates. (ii) It is practised in areas of high population pressure on land. Geographical conditions: Question 29. In India plantation farming was introduced by the British. Contribution of agriculture is showing a declining trend: Question 46. Answer: Which is the third most important food crop of India? Answer: Tea which is mainly a plantation crop in Assam and North-West Bengal. Which is the most important region of its growth and why? (b) Six major states producing sugarcane are: Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab and Haryana. (b) For rice cultivation, high temperature of 25°C and above and high humidity with annual rainfall of 100 cms is required. Answer: Question 8. Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers were introduced on the Radio and TV. The green revolution has also been an important factor in the growth of rabi crops. Millets are called coarse grains. Give three major reasons. It has widened the gap between poor and rich farmers because only agriculturally rich areas have benefitted from it and not the small farmers. Geographical conditions: (b) Two important wheat growing zones in India are: The major wheat producing states are: Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Rajasthan is the largest producer followed by Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana. (b) What will be the implication of this change? It produces raw materials for our various industries, e.g., cotton textile and sugar industry. are used to obtain higher yields and production. Farmers still depend on natural fertility in order to carry on their agriculture, i.e., they lack material resources, e.g., fertilizers, etc. Eventually, urbanization rate is accelerated. (b) Write the rainfall and temperature requirements for the growth of this crop. (d) Blue Revolution refers to increased output of fish and fish products. Answer: Answer: Tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks. Answer: (c) Groundnut is a Kharif crop and constitutes 50% share in the total oilseed production. Question 1. The degree of commercialisation of agriculture varies from one region to another. Answer: Question 49. India is the 3rd largest producer of cotton in the world. Answer: Question 6. (2012) “The contribution of agriculture to national economy is on the decline.” Write five facts to support this statement. It grows well on red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils. Question 7. Describe three factors which have contributed to increase maize production. Zaid season: It is a short cropping season during summer months (mainly between March-April and June-July in different parts of the country). Or, What is the contribution of agriculture to national economy, employment and output? What is horticulture? (2013) Write the main characteristics of this type of agriculture. Irrigation is required in the regions of low rainfall. Where did its cultivation initially start in India? (v) Farmers take maximum output from the limited land by raising 2-3 crops in a year from the same land, i.e., multiple cropping is practised. Answer: Four temperate crops are: apples, pears, apricots and walnuts. Cotton is the fibre crop which is mainly grown in the black soil of the Deccan Plateau region. Answer: Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their families. Geographical conditions: Nutritional value: Ragi is rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage. Oranges grow well in Nagpur and Cherrapunjee (Meghalaya). The declining share in GDP is a matter of serious concern because decline and stagnation in agriculture will lead to decline in other spheres of economy. Rabi, Kharif and Zaid are the three cropping seasons. Question 15. are used to obtain higher yields and production. Three major reasons are: Question 3. Indian coffee is in great demand because this coffee is of a very good quality. Write the geographical conditions Give one major reason why it is losing the market now. Which is the most important beverage crop of Southern India and what is its percentage share in the world? Or, ‘Agriculture has been the backbone of the Indian Economy’ Explain the statement by giving reason. Write four points to stress the importance of agriculture in India. These conditions are: Question 41. (iii) In this type of agriculture, machines and modem technology are used. Agricultural Revolution which resulted in increased production of foodgrains because of the use of HYV (High Yielding Varieties) seeds, fertilizers, proper irrigation and other modem inputs. Cotton requires: (iii) Major cotton producing states are. Describe the climatic conditions required for their growth. Lot of migrant labourers work on these estates. It is practised in areas of high population pressure on land. A plantation is a large-scale estate, generally centered on a plantation house, meant for farming that specializes in cash crops. 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