It was the first time that Tahiti had been united under the control of a single family. On 5 April, he anchored off Hitiaa O Te Ra, and was welcomed by its chief Reti. The capital is Pape'ete and the largest commune by population is Fa'a'ā while Taiarapu-Est has the largest area. However, the Spanish mission on Tahiti was abandoned on 12 November 1775, after Aguila's third voyage to Tahiti, when the Fathers begged its commander, Don Cayetano de Langara, to take them back to Lima. In 1836, the Queen's advisor Pritchard had two French Catholic priests expelled, François Caret and Honoré Laval. Divided into two parts, Tahiti Nui (bigger, northwestern part) and Tahiti Iti (smaller, southeastern part), the island was formed from volcanic activity; it is high and mountainous with surrounding coral reefs. Cook first harboured in Vaitepiha Bay, where he visited Vehiatua II's funeral bier and the prefabricated Spanish mission house. George Pritchard had been away at the time. On 12 November 1815, thanks to these alliances, Pōmare II won a decisive battle at Fe'i Pī (Punaauia), notably against Opuhara,[33] the chief of the powerful clan of Teva. The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file (pages on other projects are not listed): (SVG file, nominally 300 × 200 pixels, file size: 3 KB). Anne Salmond quotes John Orsmond, an early missionary, as stating, "Marae were the sanctity and glory of the land, they were the pride of the people of these islands." Tutahua and Tepau were eventually killed in battle, while Vehiatua died of old age. "[13]:23,26–27, Followers of 'Oro were called ariori, and each district in Tahiti had an ariori lodge led by the avae parae, black leg. The Tahitians believed in the afterlife, a paradise called Rohutu-no'ano'a. 230–231. Tahiti consists of two basalt shield volcanoes, Tahiti Nui and Tahiti Iti, with an age range of 1.67 to 0.25 Ma. Tahitian pearl (Black pearl) farming is also a substantial source of revenues, most of the pearls being exported to Japan, Europe and the United States. Tahiti also exports vanilla, fruits, flowers, monoi, fish, copra oil, and noni. Tahiti was originally settled by Polynesians between 300 and 800 AD. Huahine consists of two coalesced basalt shield volcanoes, Huahine Nui and Huahine Iti, with several flows followed by post-shield trachyphonolitic lava domes from 3.08 to 2.06 Ma. … In 1816 the London Missionary Society sent John Williams as a missionary and teacher, and starting in 1817, the Gospels were translated into Tahitian (Reo Maohi) and taught in the religious schools. The name can either refer to the main island or the entire destination. French is the official language but Tahitian and French are both in use. [13]:236–256,325, Cook returned to Tahiti between 15 August and 1 September 1773, greeted by the chiefs Tai and Puhi, besides the young ari'i Vehiatua II and his stepfather Ti'itorea. Tahiti is also home to a single winery, whose vineyards are located on the Rangiroa atoll.[52]. It is, politically and legally, part of French Polynesia. The archipelago is believed to have been named by Captain James Cook during his first voyage in 1769, supposedly in honour of the Royal Society, the sponsor of the first British scientific survey of the islands; however, Cook himself stated in his journal that he called the islands Society "as they lay contiguous to one another." The mutineers seized the ship and set the captain and most of those members of the crew who remained loyal to him adrift in a ship's boat. When Borabora warriors, led by Puni, invaded Raiatea in 1763, both Mau'a and the Taputapuatea priest Tupaia, were forced to flee to Tahiti, where the new Papara chief Amo and his wife Purea gave them refuge. (...) The bloody wars that these people used to carry out and human sacrifices have no longer taken place since 1816."[34]. English: Unofficial flag of the Leeward Islands (in French, Îles sous le Vent or ISLV for short) of en:French Polynesia. The Mo'orea Ferry operates from Papeete and takes about 45 minutes to travel to Moorea.

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